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The International Court of Justice The International Court of Justice

Bronze medal Reporter Adv Jimna Posted 25 May 2019
The International Court of Justice

The International Court Of Justice, generally called the World Court, is the principal court of the United Nations. It was established up in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and started its work in April 1946. The thought for the production of an international court to parley international disputes arose throughout an international conference control at held in 1899.

The seat of the court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague. Of the six organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not situated in New York. The Court's job is to settle, as per international law, lawful disputes submitted to it by States and to give warning assessments on lawful queries alluded to it by authorized United Nations organs and particular agencies.

The International Court is consist of 15 judges. who were elected and shall serve for nine-year terms of office by the United Nations General Assembly and also the Security Council. It is aided by a Registry, its administrative organ. Its official languages are French and English. It is aided by a Registry, its administrative organ. The Court may exclude more than one national of a similar State. Also, the Court all in all must speak to the primary types of civilization and the main legitimate frameworks of the world. These organs vote at the same time yet independently. So as to be elected, a candidate should receive an absolute majority of the votes in each body.

This typically makes it necessary for a number of rounds to be carried, so as to confirm a proportion of continuity, one-third of the Court is elected in every three years. 

In order to ensure the Judges are qualified for re-election.  Should a judge die or resign during his term.


The Court has its own secretariat, The Registrar carries out various duties, set out in Article 26 of the Rules of Court, with the help of some 120 employees members. He is responsible for all departments and divisions of the Registry. His role is threefold: legal, diplomatic and administrative.

The Registrar’s judicial duties notably embrace those concerning the cases submitted to the Court. The Registrar performs, among others, the subsequent tasks: 

  • He keeps the General List of everything being equal and is in charge of account reports for the situation  and records documents in the case files.
  • He deals with the procedures in the cases.
  • He is present in person, or represented by the Deputy‑Registrar, at conferences  of the Court and of the Chambers; he gives any help required and is in charge of the planning of reports or minutes of such conferences.
  • He signs all judgments, consultive opinions and orders of the Court, additionally as minutes.
  • He keeps up relations with the parties to a case and has explicit responsibility for the receipt and transmission of sure documents, most significantly applications and special agreements, additionally as all written pleadings.
  • He is in charge of the interpretation, printing and publication of the Court’s judgments, consultive opinions and orders, the pleadings, written statements and minutes of the general public sittings in each case, and of such different documents as the Court might direct to be published.
  • He has custody of the seals and stamps of the Court, of the archives of the Court, and of such different files as may be entrusted to the Court (including the archives of the Permanent Court of International Justice and of the Nurnberg International Military Tribunal.

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