MEANING OF LL.B., LL.M., LL.D., JJ. & pp.
An LL.B. is the award of the degree of Bachelor of Laws. LL.B. is a Latin word. It stands for ‘Legum Baccalaureus’, signifying 'Bachelor of Laws'. In Latin abbreviations, the plural form of a word is indicated by doubling the letter- hence ‘LL.’ is short for Laws.
LL.M. is Latin abbreviation for Legum Magister, signifying 'Master of Laws'. The LL.M. (Master of Laws) is an internationally recognised postgraduate law degree. It is usually obtained by completing a one-year full-time program. Law students and professionals frequently pursue the LL.M. to gain expertise in a specialised field of law, for example in the area of tax law or international law. Many law firms prefer job candidates with an LL.M. degree because it indicates that a lawyer has acquired advanced, specialised legal training, and is qualified to work in a multinational legal environment.
LL.D. is Latin abbreviation for Legum Doctor, signifying 'Doctor of Laws'. is a doctorate-level academic degree in law, or an honorary doctorate, depending on the jurisdiction. The double "L" in the abbreviation refers to the early practice in the University of Cambridge to teach both canon law and civil law (Doctor of both laws), with the double "L" itself indicating the plural.
JJ. is Latin abbreviation for "Justices".
pp. is Latin abbreviation for "pages".
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