a quo:- Regarding a court below in an appeal, either a court of first instance or an appellate court, known as the court a quo.
ad hoc:- Generally signifies a solution designed for a specific problem or task, non-generalizable, and not intended to be able to be adapted to other purposes.
ad litem:- Describes those designated to represent parties deemed incapable of representing themselves, such as a child or incapacitated adult.
bona fide:- Implies sincere good intention regardless of outcome.
Cadit quaestio:- Indicates that a settlement to a dispute or issue has been reached, and the issue is now resolved.
communio bonorum:- The aggregate of marital property under a community property matrimonial regime.
contra legem:- Used when a court or tribunal hands down a decision that is contrary to the laws of the governing state.
coram non judice :- Refers to a legal proceeding without a judge, or with a judge who does not have proper jurisdiction.
corpus juris :- The complete collection of laws of a particular jurisdiction or court.
Debellatio :- Complete annihilation of a warring party, bringing about the end of the conflict.
de minimis non curat lex :- here must be a minimal level of substance or impact in order to bring a legal action.
Dictum :- A statement given some weight or consideration due to the respect given the person making it.
et uxor:- Usually used instead of naming a man's wife as a party in a case.
ex factis jus oritur :- A principle in international law that one must take facts on the ground into account when considering the legality of certain kinds of questions.
ex gratia :- Something done voluntarily and with no expectation of a legal liability arising therefrom.
ex injuria jus non oritur :- A principle in international law that unjust acts cannot create laws.
ex parte:- A decision reached, or case brought, by or for one party without the other party being present.
Fiat :- A warrant issued by a judge for some legal proceedings.
forum non conveniens:- A concept wherein a court refuses to hear a particular matter, citing a more appropriate forum for the issue to be decided.
fumus boni iuris :- Refers to having a sufficient legal basis to bring legal action.
functus officio :- A person, court, statute, or legal document that has no legal authority, because its original legal purpose has been fulfilled.
Gravamen :- The basic element or complaint of a lawsuit.
ignorantia juris non excusat :- principle that states that not having knowledge of a law is not an excuse for breaking it.
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